What details go with our anniversary


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Wedding Anniversary Etiquette – What… ; Frequently Asked Questions


Q.What is my Wedding Anniversary symbol or material?

A.If you know how many years you have been married or are planning to celebrate then you can find out what you anniversary is from our anniversary selector page. All those that have a traditional symbol or material associated against the year are listed here.


Q.I forgot my Wedding anniversary this year what should I do?

A. If your partner is upset by this then we would recommend a period of grovelling followed by a period of penance !!  In this day and age it is often easy to forget important days such as Anniversaries by all means use our reminder to help you remember and it is provided only for this purpose.


Q.What are the Anniversaries that are considered major? The most major anniversaries are the 25th and 50th, after these come 60th & 75th and then every 5th year (i.e. 5th,10th 15th etc.) with every 10th year being more important than every 5th year.


Q.Hi, I’m doing research on the wedding anniversary materials. What I’m really looking for is what each material means. Do they represent something in each year. Please email me back if you have any information about the subject, or where I can find this kind of information. Thank you.

A. I’m afraid I can’t help you in your search for the meanings of the material against the Anniversary. The closest I have come to this is the suggestion that the materials are
selected in the order that they would wear out. I have however never had this collaborated by any research I have carried out.


Q. It will be my in laws 40th wedding anniversary.  What can I do to make it special and inexpensive?

A. Try our Thoughtful Anniversary Gift Ideas Suggestions


Q. My problem is that I don’t know exactly what our children are doing for us…we do know they are having some kind of a celebration but we do not know the particulars.  SO, we want to be ready for what ever comes up and not have “egg on our face”.   I told them what ever they did, please state “No Gifts Please”. An invitation to
a celebration does not confer an expectation that gifts are expected the persons company is considered gift enough.

Q. Please help us find the right motif colour for the 65th wedding anniversary of our grandparents.  A. I afraid I cannot help you with your question either as I have not been able to find much details on
the 65th anniversary. Most lists miss out the 65th for some reason I have yet to discover. The only list I have found which contains a material for the 65th is the Gem stone list which states Star Sapphire as the Gem Stone associated with this Anniversary.


Q. What do you do for the 100th year Anniversary? A. A 100th Wedding Anniversary is a 10 carat Diamond anniversary and I would be
surprised to hear of couple achieving this feat. I assume you are talking about a company’s Centenary celebration which is slightly different although it is still called a Diamond Anniversary.


Q. I am giving my parents a surprise 25th anniversary party but I have a concern regarding gifts. my mother hates silver! what are some optional gifts i could suggest?

A. I’m afraid I can’t help you much on this one, all roads seem to lead to Silver on this
anniversary. I thought that the Gem list for anniversaries may show a different material however this was sterling silver.  One thing you could do is recreate the era when they got married and theme gifts on that era. I make it the 70’s which would either be the Glam
Rock era or early Disco!


Q. We are giving our parents a 50th Anniversary and would like to know what we should call the female and male witnesses – attendant and grooms-man?

A. Most references refer to them as witnesses, which is not a bad term in itself as this is mentioned right back to the birth of marriage ceremonies. If they did some other function at
the wedding then these titles would also do.


Q. Is there a traditional colour for the bride of 50 years to wear?

A. As it is the Golden Anniversary the colour is Gold, this doesn’t mean that the outfit has to be all gold you could choose just accessories or anywhere in between. One thing to remember however; is that it is your anniversary and thus etiquette allows you to decide what you
want to wear and how you would like to celebrate.


Q. If one of the children make a speech, what response and toasts, if any, should the parents make?

A. The replies you give to any speeches made are very dependant upon your family circle & culture; this makes this a difficult question to answer with certainty. Typically anniversary speeches follow along similar lines to a wedding celebration and thus thanking those who organized the event and for the people who turned up to join you in your celebration.
One thing to bare in mind is that it is your anniversary and thus you can choose how to respond.


Q. What is the proper way to ask for monetary gifts on an invitation for my parents 40th wedding anniversary. They do not want to offend anyone by asking. How can this be placed on the invitation in a nice manner.

A. It’s extremely difficult to ask for money on an invitation, most reference books on Anniversary Etiquette say that you should never ask for a monetary gift.  One way I’ve seen round this and was successful was to put on the invitation the reason for money, e.g. They are saving for a holiday of a lifetime or what ever the reason and that should you wish to contribute to this then there will be a collection box at the celebration that they can
contribute. At the particular event I attended the box was placed prominently but discreetly in a corner of the room and thus you did not feel you had to contribute.


Q. I was just wondering what the 100th anniversary is.  Any information you could provide would be helpful. A. The 100th Wedding Anniversary is deemed a 10 Carat Diamond Anniversary, if it is a business celebration then it is just a centenary celebration.

Anniversary Ideas every year

Anniversary gift givingWelcome to Anniversary Ideas, your number one resource for celebrating any wedding anniversary.

We help guide you through the questions that need answering in order to have the best anniversary possible.

  • What is the traditional material for your anniversary?
  • What is the best way to celebrate your anniversary year?
  • What anniversary gift may I get my wife/husband?

Questions all answered by us.

Once you have a good idea of the type of anniversary gifts you can purchase, we will show you the best gifts available on or off line for the anniversary theme you require.

If you are unsure;

  • what anniversary gifts are appropriate for the year being celebrated and what’s best give give your loved one
  • how to celebrate your anniversary;
  • what material is traditionally associated with the anniversary year you are celebrating.

Then let us help you. we’ve been doing this for many years ever since our first web site which was the pioneer for wedding anniversary resources on the world wide web.

Anniversary Gifts

From the 1st Wedding Anniversary through to the 100th year (yes someone has given the 100th a symbol!) we supply details of the traditional or modern symbol, flower and gemstone associated with each year.

anniversary gifts lined up imageWe’ve done a lot of the work for you by searching the internet to bring together some of the best and most unique anniversary gift ideas around. Now these are just not general gifts they are specific anniversary ideas that match either the traditional or contemporary symbol for the Wedding Anniversary you are celebrating.

Wedding Anniversaries : Find out what material is traditionally associated with each year. Anniversary Etiquette : Holding an Anniversary Party? we answer the popular questions on etiquette; how to celebrate, why celebrate, gift giving and other commonly asked questions. All Wedding Anniversary details If you are celebrating a year that is not in the traditional list then this page gives themes and symbols for ever year up to the 50th and then every 5th anniversary up to the 100th!

1st Wedding anniversary

The traditional first wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Paper. The modern first wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Clocks. The gemstone first wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Fresh Water Pearl. The appropriate flowers for the first wedding anniversary are Pansies.

2nd Wedding anniversary

The traditional second wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Cotton; an alternative traditional second wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Straw. The modern second wedding anniversary gift has a theme of China. The appropriate gemstone for the second wedding anniversary has a theme of Rose Quartz; an alternative gemstone for the second wedding anniversary can be themed with Garnet. The appropriate flowers for the second wedding anniversary are Cosmos.

3rd Wedding anniversary

The traditional third wedding anniversary has a theme of Leather. The modern third wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Crystal; an alternative modern third wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Glass. The appropriate gemstone for the third wedding anniversary has a theme of Crystal. The flowers for the third wedding anniversary are Fushsia.

4th Wedding anniversary

The traditional fourth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Fruit & Flowers; an alternative traditional fourth wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Books. The modern fourth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Electrical Appliance. The gemstone fourth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Amethyst; an alternative gemstone fourth wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Topaz. The appropriate flowers for the fourth wedding anniversary are Geranium.

5th Wedding anniversary

The traditional fifth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Wood. The modern fifth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Silverware. The gemstone fifth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Turquoise. The appropriate flowers for the fifth wedding anniversary are Daisies.

6th Wedding anniversary

The traditional sixth wedding anniversary has a theme of Sugar; an alternative traditional sixth wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Iron. The modern sixth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Wood. The appropriate gemstone for the sixth wedding anniversary has a theme of Amethyst; an alternative gemstone for the 6th wedding anniversary can be themed with Garnet. The appropriate flowers for the sixth wedding anniversary are Calla lilies.

7th Wedding anniversary

The traditional seventh wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Wool; an alternative traditional seventh wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Copper. The modern seventh wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Desk Set. The appropriate gemstone for the seventh wedding anniversary has a theme of Lapis Lazuli; an alternative gemstone for the seventh wedding anniversary can be themed with Onyx. The appropriate flowers for the seventh wedding anniversary are Jack-in-the-pulpit.

8th Wedding anniversary

The traditional eighth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Bronze; an alternative traditional eighth wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Pottery. The modern eighth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Lace; an alternative modern eighth wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Linen. The appropriate gemstone for the eighth wedding anniversary has a theme of Aventurine; an alternative gemstone for the eighth wedding anniversary can be themed with Multi-coloured Tourmaline. The appropriate flowers for the eighth wedding anniversary are Clematis.

9th Wedding anniversary

The traditional ninth wedding anniversary has a theme of Pottery. ; an alternative traditional ninth wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Willow. The modern ninth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Leather. The appropriate gemstone for the ninth wedding anniversary has a theme of Tiger Eye; an alternative gemstone for the ninth wedding anniversary can be themed with Lapis Lazuli.The appropriate flowers for the ninth wedding anniversary are Poppies.

10th Wedding anniversary

The traditional tenth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Tin; an alternative traditional tenth wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Aluminum. The modern tenth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Diamond Jewellery. The  appropriate gemstone for the tenth wedding anniversary has a theme of Black Onyx. The appropriate flowers for the tenth wedding anniversary are Daffodils.

11th Wedding anniversary

The traditional eleventh wedding anniversary has a theme of Steel. The modern eleventh wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Fashion Jewellery. The appropriate gemstone for the eleventh wedding anniversary has a theme of Turquoise; an alternative gemstone for the eleventh wedding anniversary can be themed with Hematite. The appropriate flowers for the eleventh wedding anniversary are Morning Glories.

12th Wedding anniversary

The traditional twelfth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Linen; an alternative traditional twelfth wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Silk. The modern twelfth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Colour Gems; an alternative modern twelfth wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Pearls. The appropriate gemstone for the twelfth wedding anniversary has a theme of Agate. The appropriate flowers for the twelfth wedding anniversary are Peonies.

13th Wedding anniversary

The traditional thirteenth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Lace. The modern thirteenth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Textiles; an alternative modern thirteenth wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Furs. The  appropriate gemstone for the thirteenth wedding anniversary has a theme of Malachite; an alternative gemstone for the thirteenth wedding anniversary can be themed with Citrine; another alternative gemstone 13th wedding anniversary can be themed with Moonstone. The appropriate flowers for the thirteenth wedding anniversary are Hollyhock.

14th Wedding anniversary

The traditional fourteenth wedding anniversary has a theme of Ivory. The modern fourteenth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Gold Jewellery. The appropriate gemstone for the fourteenth wedding anniversary has a theme of Jewellery; an alternative gemstone for the fourteenth wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Moss Agate. The appropriate flowers for the fourteenth wedding anniversary are Dahlia.

15th Wedding anniversary

The traditional fifteenth wedding anniversary has a theme of Crystal. The modern fifteenth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Watches. The appropriate flowers for the fifteenth wedding anniversary are Roses.

After the fifteenth Wedding Anniversary the traditional anniversary gift list only provides a theme for every fifth year up until the 50th and then the Diamond Anniversary being the Seventy-fifth year.

16th Wedding anniversary

The modern sixteenth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Silver Hollowware.The appropriate gemstone for the sixteenth wedding anniversary has a theme of Peridot; an alternative gemstone for the sixteenth wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Aquamarine.

17th Wedding anniversary

The modern seventeenth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Furniture. The appropriate gemstone for the seventeenth wedding anniversary has a theme of Amethyst; an alternative gemstone for the seventeenth wedding anniversary can be themed with Citrine.

18th Wedding anniversary

The modern eighteenth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Porcelain. The appropriate gemstone for the eighteenth wedding anniversary has a theme of Opal.

19th Wedding anniversary

The modern nineteenth wedding anniversary has a theme of Bronze. The appropriate gemstone for the nineteenth wedding anniversary has a theme of Aquamarine; an alternative gemstone for the nineteenth wedding anniversary can be themed with Topaz.

20th Wedding anniversary

The traditional twentieth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of China. The modern twentieth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Bone China; an alternative modern twentieth wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Platinum. The appropriate flowers for the twentieth wedding anniversary are Day Lily.

21st Wedding anniversary

The modern twenty-first wedding anniversary has a theme of Nickel; an alternative modern twenty-first wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Brass. The appropriate gemstone for the twenty-first wedding anniversary has a theme of Iolite.

22nd Wedding anniversary

The modern twenty-second wedding anniversary has a theme of Copper. The appropriate gemstone for the twenty-second wedding anniversary has a theme of Spinel (all Colours).

23rd Wedding anniversary

The modern twenty-third wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Silver plate. The appropriate gemstone for the twenty-third wedding anniversary has a theme of Imperial Topaz.

24th Wedding anniversary

The modern twenty-fourth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Musical Instruments. The appropriate gemstone for the twenty-fourth wedding anniversary has a theme of Tanzanite.

25th Wedding anniversary also known as the Silver Wedding

The traditional twenty fifth wedding anniversary has a theme of Silver. The modern twenty fifth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Silver. The appropriate gemstone for the twenty fifth wedding anniversary has a theme of Sterling Silver. The appropriate flowers for the twenty fifth wedding anniversary are Iris or is Iri the correct plural.

26th Wedding anniversary

The twenty-sixth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Original Pictures.

27th Wedding anniversary

The twenty-seventh wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Sculpture.

28th Wedding anniversary

The twenty-eighth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Orchids.

29th Wedding anniversary

The twenty-ninth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Furniture.

30th Wedding anniversary also known as the Pearl Wedding

The traditional thirtieth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Pearls. The modern thirtieth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Diamond Jewellery. The appropriate flowers for the thirtieth wedding anniversary are Sweet pea.

31st Wedding anniversary

The thirty-first wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Timepieces.

32nd Wedding anniversary

The thirty-second wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Conveyances.

33rd Wedding anniversary

The thirty-third wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Amethyst.

34th Wedding anniversary

The thirty-fourth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Opal.

35th Wedding anniversary also known as the Coral Wedding

The traditional thirty-fifth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Coral. The modern thirty-fifth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Jade.

36th Wedding anniversary

The thirty-sixth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Bone China.

37th Wedding anniversary

The thirty-seventh wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Alabaster.

38th Wedding anniversary

The thirty-eighth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Beryl.

39th Wedding anniversary

The thirty-ninth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Lace.

40th Wedding anniversary also known as the Ruby Wedding

The traditional fortieth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Ruby. The modern fortieth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Ruby. The gemstone fortieth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Ruby. The appropriate flowers for the fortieth wedding anniversary are Nasturtium.

41st Wedding anniversary

The forty-first wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Land.

42nd Wedding anniversary

The forty-second wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Improved Real Estate.

43rd Wedding anniversary

The forty-third wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Travel.

44th Wedding anniversary

The forty-fourth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Groceries.

45th Wedding anniversary also known as the Sapphire Wedding

The traditional forty-fifth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Sapphire. The modern forty-fifth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Sapphire. The gemstone forty-fifth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Alexandrite.

46th Wedding anniversary

The forty-sixth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Original Poetry Tribute.

47th Wedding anniversary

The forty-seventh wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Books.

48th Wedding anniversary

The forty-eighth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Optical Goods.

49th Wedding anniversary

The forty-ninth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Luxuries, any Kind.

50th Wedding anniversary also known as the Golden Wedding

The traditional fiftieth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Gold. The modern fiftieth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Gold Jewellery. The appropriate flowers for the fiftieth wedding anniversary are Violets.

After the fiftieth wedding anniversary most of the anniversary gift lists move to only nominating a theme ever five years.

55th Wedding anniversary also known as the Emerald Wedding

The traditional fifty-fifth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of 55th; an alternative traditional fifty-fifth wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Emerald. The modern fifty-fifth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Emerald. The gemstone fifty-fifth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Alexandrite.

60th Wedding anniversary

The modern sixtieth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Diamonds. The gemstone sixtieth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Diamonds.

65th Wedding anniversary

The sixty-fifth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Star Sapphire.

70th Wedding anniversary

The modern seventieth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Platinum.

75th Wedding anniversary also known as the Diamond Wedding

The traditional seventy-fifth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Diamonds. The modern seventy-fifth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Diamonds.

80th Wedding anniversary

The eightieth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Pearls; an alternative modern eightieth wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Diamonds. Oak has also been mentioned although no reference source can be found for this theme.

85th Wedding anniversary

The eight-fifth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Sapphire; an alternative modern eight fifth wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Diamonds.

90th Wedding anniversary

The ninetieth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Diamonds; an alternative modern ninetieth wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Emerald.

95th Wedding anniversary

The ninety-fifth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Ruby; an alternative modern ninety fifth wedding anniversary gift can be themed with Diamonds.

100th Wedding anniversary

The one hundredth wedding anniversary gift has a theme of Ten Carat Diamond.

25th years Silver Wedding Anniversary

25th year wedding anniversaryThe Silver Wedding, to give the 25th year wedding anniversary it’s formal title, is the first anniversary where the various anniversary lists converge and all call it the Silver Wedding, except for the flower list, which states Iris as the appropriate flower for 25 years of marriage. This is one of the very original wedding anniversary celebrations that can be traced back to its original roots in Austria/Prussia where it was called the “Silberne Hochzeit” which is German for Silver Wedding. The celebration is now popular having been spread throughout Europe by Royal Families acknowledging the event and celebrating it.

The 25th year wedding anniversary is the first of the major anniversaries after all being married for a quarter of a century is no small achievement!

So what is the best way to commemorate or celebrate 25 years of marriage?Silver Ingot image There certainly is no prescribe method and there are many options;

  • Renew your Vows – this can simply be a small ceremony in the church of your choice or perhaps it can be a flow blown re-enactment of your original marriage ceremony or even if, when you married 25 years previous, you did not have the funds to do your wedding justice this is the time to improve on the original.
  • Have a Party – Silver Wedding parties are frequent, it is tradition to put no gifts on the invitation however it is also tradition for people to ignore this statement so do not get offended if they do! Have a Holiday – 2nd Honeymoon if you like, Cruises are a very popular choice for celebrating your 25th year Wedding Anniversary
  • Commemorate with something in Silver – With the couple’s children often of wage earning age by now they often club together to commemorate the event with a signature piece of giftware in silver.

25th year wedding anniversary silver wedding teaset gift idea image
A common choice used to be a Silver Tea set although nowadays there are so many great gift ideas available in silver so you will be spoilt for choice. The Gemstone wedding anniversary list shows Sterling Silver associated with this Anniversary. Sterling Silver is silver however it would have some form of mark normally an assay mark denoting it’s quality by the amount of silver in the item, to be classed as sterling silver it should have at least 925 parts per 1000 parts.

25th anniversary flowers - iris imageThe Flowers Wedding anniversary list associates the Iris as the appropriate flower. From the language of flowers the purple Iris declares Ardour e.g. “You have set my heart a-glow”.

25th year wedding anniversary facts and figures

25th year wedding anniversary under the spotlightOn the anniversary of your marriage you would have been married for

  • 9,125 days or
  • 219,000 hours or
  • 13,140,000 minutes
  • over 788 million seconds

During this time you would have shared, on average, over 68,000 hours of snuggle time (sleeping!) or almost 8 years; assuming you don’t work together you’ve been apart for over 52,000 hours which is about 6 years and have had over 19,000 meals together which equates to approximately 470 days of continuous eating!

25th Year Wedding Anniversary Gift Ideas

Please see out 25th Anniversary Gifts page for our full range of gift ideas some are below;